Main Content

You are here


Policy: Oversight of Investigator-Maintained Animal Colonies (IACUC)

Policy: Oversight of Investigator-Maintained Animal Colonies (IACUC)

Policy

Principal Investigators (PIs) and personnel approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) to provide animal care (husbandry, sanitation, and/or daily monitoring) are subject to routine oversight by the Division of Animal Resources (DAR) or the Agricultural Animal Care and Use Program (AACUP). This policy applies to investigators using animals housed in University owned facilities and to investigators housing wild animals in the field for greater than 12 h.

Background

Federal regulations specify that animal care must be provided by qualified personnel and the attending veterinarians must have appropriate authority to ensure the provision of adequate veterinary care and to oversee the adequacy of other aspects of animal care and use. When justified, the PI may obtain approval to care for research and teaching animals housed in conventional animal facilities, laboratories, or satellite facilities. To ensure consistency and documentation of care, the University of Illinois IACUC requires programmatic oversight of all animal care even when care is provided by PIs and their staff.

Procedures

Animal Care Provided by PIs
Animal care must be consistent with care provided by professional animal care staff and must meet requirements described in the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (Guide) or Guide for the Care and Use of Agricultural Animals in Research and Teaching (Ag Guide), and the Animal Welfare Regulations (AWR). Written descriptions of care must include daily observations of all animals; methods and frequencies for providing food, water, and clean bedding; cage, tank, housing accessories and room sanitation methods and frequency; and the names and qualifications of individuals providing care.

Daily observation of animals; monitoring of relevant environmental parameters such as room or water temperatures; feeding and watering; and sanitation must be documented and posted near animal enclosures. This may be a checklist or log with space provided for care providers to initial completed tasks each day.

Logs should include information on receipt of new animals; daily census; and removal of animals due to experimental use, transfer of animals to another protocol or site, and unanticipated illnesses or death. The PI is responsible for immediate notification of veterinary staff if health problems occur. The PI is also responsible for ensuring unrestricted access to the facility by DAR or AACUP veterinary and professional animal care staff.

Responsibilities

Role of the PI
PIs who wish to care for their own research or teaching animals must provide justification in the Animal Use Protocol Form. PIs must provide a written description of the care to be provided, including names and contact numbers for responsible project personnel. This information is submitted to the IACUC in Appendix A of the Animal Use Protocol form.

Role of DAR
DAR is responsible for overseeing animal care in all non-agricultural animal holding areas. An animal care staff member visits each on-campus animal holding area at least once each week to ensure that the care provided is in accordance with written husbandry procedures. Veterinary staff visit on-campus satellite holding facilities at least every other month.

Animal care staff and veterinary staff report failures to comply with written procedures to the PI and to the attending veterinarian. The attending veterinarian, in consultation with the PI, determines appropriate corrective action.

Monitoring of off-campus sites is at the discretion of the attending veterinarian. Long-term or permanent housing of wildlife at off campus locations may be inspected via video calls or site visits by veterinary technicians or IACUC specialists

Role of AACUP

The AACUP is responsible for providing oversight of animal health and veterinary care at specialized agricultural animal facilities (e.g., Anatomy Lab, PNCL, ERL, Metabolism Building at Beef/Sheep Research Farm) where project staff typically provide husbandry. The animal care staff visits each on-campus animal holding area at least once each week to ensure that the care provided is in accordance with written husbandry procedures. Veterinary professional staff visit on-campus satellite holding facilities at least every other month

Animal care staff and veterinary staff report failures to comply with written procedures to the PI. The attending veterinarian, in consultation with the PI, determines appropriate corrective action. Monitoring of off-campus sites is at the discretion of the attending veterinarian

IACUC Oversight
The IACUC visits all on-campus animal holding rooms and agricultural facilities at least twice a year and satellite facilities approximately annually. Inspection is also required prior to allowing housing of animals in an area not previously approved for that purpose. During visits, the IACUC may request records of animal husbandry and veterinary care, including animal medical records. The IACUC may require additional oversight to ensure adequate care.

 

Approved: 3/6/2001
Updated: 6/6/2017

Visit IACUC

Principal Investigators

I'm looking for...

Limited Submission Information

Human Subject Usage

Sponsored Research